Spatial Analysis Tools – WinBUGS


The BUGS (Bayesian inference Using Gibbs Sampling) project is concerned with flexible software for the Bayesian analysis of complex statistical models using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. The BUGS website is found at:

WinBUGS Software

The latest version is WinBUGS1.4.1. For additional information on WinBUGS, see: The preferred reference for citing WinBUGS in scientific papers is:

Lunn, D.J., A. Thomas, N. Best, and D. Spiegelhalter. 2000. WinBUGS<br ></span>font-family:"Avenir 65 Medium","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;<br />mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";<br />mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:<br />EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA”>–337.


GeoBugs is an add-on to WinBUGS that fits spatial models and produces a range of maps as output. For more information on GeoBUGS, see:

OpenBUGS project: For information on the OpenBUGS project, see

Some Books on Bayesian Statistics

Congdon, P. 2006. Bayesian Statistical Modelling. Wiley series in probability and statistics. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons.

Congdon, P. 2005. Bayesian Models for Categorical Data. Wiley series in probability and statistics. Chichester: Wiley.

Congdon, P. 2003. Applied Bayesian Modelling. Wiley series in probability and statistics. Chichester, West Sussex, England: Wiley.

Ibrahim, J.G., M. Chen, and D. Sinha. 2005. Bayesian Survival Analysis. New York: Springer.

Lawson, A.B., W.J. Browne, and C.L. Vidal Rodeiro. 2003. Disease Mapping with WinBUGS and MLwiN. West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley.

Ntzoufras, I. 2009. Bayesian Modeling Using WinBUGS. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

For more books on Bayesian inference, please see:

Selected Articles

Freisthler, B. and R. Weiss. 2008. Using Bayesian Space-Time Models to Understand the Substance Use Environment and Risk for Being Referred to Child Protective Services. Substance Use and Misuse 43(2): 239Statistical Methods in Medical Research 17(1): 97